In recent times, the design and interior design - whether it's housing solutions, private or public offices - have been enriched by many lighting solutions. Between all, one of the LEDs is presented as the best option in balancing life, energy saving and environmental protection; to simplify the management of the intensities of the lights and of the various colors and, not last, in approaching to the concept of modular light.
Particularly, We are witnessing an ever-increasing production of furniture equipped with systems of integrated LED lighting. Shelving, libraries, wardrobes, tables, mirrors, sanitary – and more - in which a module is basically built (or more), and thus a highly flexible element, It composed of a plurality of light sources, which can take various forms.
A prerequisite to the speech is the need - and the duty - that the furniture, the electrical components and the user devices are designed and constructed so that they are not exceeded, in the ordinary, the temperatures required for electrical materials from the respective standards. Similarly, must not be exceeded, the temperatures that can be tolerated by the materials that constitute the walls of the furniture itself.
Moving beyond the due premise and moving on a technical-design level, among the most successful components in the integrated lighting furniture industry - namely tubes, panels and LED spots – we find the LED strips (o strip LED), elements characterized by a net flexibility of use. Despite being a relatively recent solution, over the years these components have undergone a number of changes that make them worthy of an overview of the technical and functional aspects.
Features of LED strip
In the LED strip are articulated various components, including support - the printed circuit (printed circuit board, “PCB”) Hey chip LED themselves, welded on one side of the bracket, together with the resistors to optimize the power supply. If width and thickness are oriented respectively on 10 mm e 2 mm, on the rebound, the length is the size that can vary more. It starts from LED strips of the few bright sources, coming to considerable lengths, in relation to the design requirements and - if the furniture - the furniture subject application.
The evolution of LED SMD
The LED strips use LED SMD, stands for Surface Mount Device which identifies those electronic components assembled on a printed circuit board side. This happens, as it is known, through welding and without any alteration of the printed circuit itself, which ensures reduced size of components, containment of costs, Rates and waste materials.
Just the natural evolution of the SMD LEDs are the causes of many technological improvements and quality in the same LED Strips. In geminal phase of LED production, indeed, availability on the market was relegated to only SMD 3528 e LED SMD 5050, who were therefore the types hinge with which the LED strips were made (limited use in furnishing). Let us examine the types to today's most popular.
- 2835, 3014: both equipped with the essential heat sink for the heat, characterized by high levels of performance. In the case of 2835 with a flux of 22lm-24lm it detects a consumption of 0.2W.
- 3020: a recent average solution, with a flux of 10lm-12LM detects a consumption 0,12W.
- 5630, 5730: chip led most modern conception, characterized by considerable luminous intensity. The reports are oriented, in the first case, on 54-56lm to 0.5W and in the second case on 47-56lm for 0.5W.
Color temperature, LED strips monochrome or RGB
To provide multiple solutions in the furnishing field, integrated LED strips in furniture and furnishing occur at distinct today also in relation to their color temperature, that ranges between warm white light (< 3300K), neutral white light (between 3300 e i 5300K), until the cold white light (> 5300K).
This ensures full adaptability to the diverse conditions of visibility, that - in the home environment, but certainly also in the workplace - one of the foundations of the light use.
If you need particular aesthetic effects, you can orient yourself on RGB strips that, as opposed to single-color, They can create a multitude of colors, mixing the primary colors in the various cables. At the same time, many LED strips for the furniture offer the ability to adjust the light intensity, or by remote control app. The dimming allows an even more acute sensitivity to the needs of the user of the light, which can adjust in relation to external factors and perceptive.
With the introduction of these technologies, the specific certification of the furniture elements that use them becomes necessary. This, in the furniture sector, is added to the testing of motorized furniture components, necessary in those cases where the electrical part concerns the movement of a part of the furniture element.
Benefits of use of LED strips in furnishing
Together with tubes, spotlights and panels, LED strips are presented as ideal solutions for the design of interiors of homes and offices. here are the main benefits:
- Multiple application possibilities thanks to modularity;
- Savings energy and environmental protection (in the springs are not present toxic or harmful materials for the environment, as well as any emission of UV and IR radiation);
- duration extremely extended life - in the case where the springs are fed with an adequate current and suitably cooled – and low maintenance;
- adjustment of the luminous flux, maintaining the color temperature and the light exempt from any visible alteration;
- variegated creative solutions in the field of furniture design;
- Absence of pollution bright.
For the certification of lighting components manufacturers or importers can contact specialized laboratories equipped to perform all the tests required by the legislation. In particular, safety aspects are checked, electromagnetic compatibility and energy efficiency.
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