The Ecodesign Directive (ErP)

The European Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EC (ErP) establishes a regulatory framework for placing energy-related equipment on the European market. It ensures the possibility of harmonizing at Community level the eco-design specifications of all significant energy-related products. Furthermore, the directive contributes to sustainable development by increasing energy efficiency and the level of environmental protection, while at the same time improving the security of energy supply.

This directive falls within the legislative framework for the free movement and marketing of products in the European community.

Generally, the directive aims to avoid risks associated with a product or phenomenon. The same product can be regulated by various directives.

The purpose of this directive is to defend a common interest of European citizens and European companies.

The English name for this directive is: Ecodesign Directive – Energy related product;

Its abbreviation is: ErP;

Its code is: 2009/125/EC;

The previous directive on this topic, which is no longer in force today, is: 2005/32/EC.

It is useful to know the references of the old directives because they are often found in the documentation of products or components, but also in European laws and regulations if they have not been recently updated.

Field of application: This directive covers any goods that have an impact on energy consumption during use, including parts intended to be integrated into products. However, there is a specific regulation for lighting devices.

Essential requirements: to be placed on the European market, these products must comply with the essential requirements described in Annex 1 of the directive. These are the criteria for the development of community specifications, which define the specific regulation for the product in question.

Main contents of the directive

  • Premises
  • Field of application
  • Definitions
  • Essential requirements
  • Manufacturer's obligations
  • Obligations of other economic operators
  • Free movement
  • Presumption of conformity and harmonized standards
  • Conformity assessment
  • Notified bodies
  • CE marking


These are the reasons that led to the writing of the directive.

Field of application

The scope defines the categories of products or phenomena regulated by the directive.

Often a general criterion is given accompanied by explicit lists of products/phenomena that are subject to the directive and of products/phenomena that are excluded from the directive in order to clarify particular situations.

Eco-friendly houseDefinitions

They also serve to understand the scope of the directive by providing definitions of the main terms used.

Essential requirements

The essential requirements are requirements that the product must comply with in order to be placed on the market.

The requirements are often found in Annex I of the Directive.

Manufacturer's obligations

The manufacturer (or his authorized representative in the European Community) is primarily responsible for placing a product on the market. This chapter describes the obligations and procedures that it must follow, referring to the annexes of the directive for more detailed aspects.

Obligations of other economic operators

Distributors and retailers are also responsible and liable if they trade in items that do not comply with European directives. They must check that the manufacturer has had the electrical safety test carried out, that the product has the EU declaration of conformity and that it bears the CE mark.

The potential importer must ensure that the procedures for verifying the conformity of the product have been carried out, must verify the presence of the CE marking and ensure that the technical documentation of the product is available to the competent national authorities.

Free movement

Member States must presume that products bearing the CE marking comply with all provisions of the applicable directives requiring its affixing. They cannot therefore prohibit, limit or prevent the placing on the market and putting into service on their territory of products bearing the CE marking, unless the provisions relating to CE marking have been applied improperly.

Presumption of conformity and harmonized standards

The directives of our interest are associated with a list of harmonized standards which is published in the European Official Journal.

Harmonized standards make it much easier to verify the conformity of a product with the requirements of a directive. These standards describe in detail how the tests or other assessments necessary to assume that a product is compliant must be carried out.

If harmonized standards covering all the requirements of the directive are available for a product, if these standards are applied fully and the product passes all the tests foreseen in these standards, then it can be assumed that the product complies with the requirements of that directive.

In the absence of harmonized standards suitable for the product, the path is more complicated and expensive.

Equipping a suitable laboratory to carry out the tests required by the Harmonized Standards is quite expensive. For this reason, manufacturers often rely on external testing laboratories.

Notified bodies

In Europe it is the body that can carry out a conformity assessment by acting as a third party or evaluate whether the one carried out by the manufacturer and its trusted laboratories is correct.

In most cases, however, the use of a notified body is not foreseen or in any case not necessary.

CE marking

Products that comply with all provisions of the applicable directives requiring the CE marking must bear it. This marking is, in particular, an indication that the products comply with the essential requirements of all applicable directives and that they have undergone a conformity assessment procedure provided for by the directives themselves. Member States are also required to take the necessary measures to protect the CE marking.

Sicom Testing offers a complete service for CE certification of the products.

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