Radio frequency devices (RF) must be licensed in accordance with one of the procedures laid down by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) before being marketed or imported into the United States.
This ensures that RF devices used in the United States work effectively without causing interference and in accordance with current regulations.
These requirements will not only minimize the risk of harmful interference, but also ensure compliance with the limits of human exposure to RF fields, and other health-related goals.
Radio frequency devices are considered all those higher frequency signals to operate them at 9kHz. In addition to the radio sending or receiving products, fall under this category computers, products related to computer, switching power supplies, some digital devices and other products.
The FCC regulation has three different approval procedures for the authorization of equipment and the specific procedure to follow is based on the type of authorized equipment.
- Declaration of conformity (Doc)
Procedure for obtaining the authorization of equipment
The following procedures summarize the process to be followed to obtain the necessary authorization for equipment:
- Determine FCC regulations applicable to the product.
- Determine which equipment authorization procedure must be followed for the product.
- Perform compliance testing at a test lab (In some cases the laboratory must be accredited for the specific tests to run).
- Get the requested approval (In some cases, it required the involvement of a notified body TCB).
- Produce labels with the required FCC information.
- Include compliance information in the user manual.
- Keep compliance information and records.
Once these steps have been completed, you are ready to manufacture, import and market the product in the United States.
The importation into the United States of RF devices requires that the product meets one of the following conditions:
- it has the necessary authorization for the FCC devices;
- it is not subject to FCC authorization;
- it is imported in limited quantities only for its evaluation (not for sale);
- it is imported in limited quantities only for a demonstration at a trade show (not for sale);
- transits in the United States to other countries;
- it is intended only for United States Government;
- it is imported for repair (not for sale);
- it is a medical device implanted in bearer;
- up to three computer or radio receivers for personal use (not for sale);
- up to three radio sets for personal use (not for sale).
Products blocked at customs
What to do if the products are stuck at customs because FCC procedures were not followed?
The product cannot be imported to the United States. The alternatives for fixing this situation are the return of the equipment to the sender or the appropriate FCC authorization. While the authorisation procedure is in progress, imported equipment shall be stored in a warehouse block or moved in a duty free zone. After the FCC appropriate permission has been obtained, the equipment can be imported into the United States.
Note: the FCC rules has undergone major changes in recent years and is constantly evolving, then the various technical and procedural aspects of the authorisation of products should be verified case by case.
What can Sicom do?
SICOM offers to companies wishing to export to the US and Canadian markets a comprehensive testing and certification of their products, thanks also to the collaboration with accredited partner laboratories and certification bodies.
For the marketing of electronic products in the United States it is necessary to proceed to the testing and therefore to their authorization in accordance with Title 47 of the code of federal regulations (CFR), regarding electronic equipment, radio and telecommunications.
SICOM is able to offer support to its clients with paperwork and testing for the authorization of products through the procedures of Verification, Declaration of Conformity and Certification.
Our lab provides testing and certification services for radio and electronic products in the Canadian marketplace standards of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (ISED), such as ICES-003, RSS-102 and others. (Certification ISED replaced the previous certification IC "Industry Canada".)
Sicom can also provide a representative for products sold in United States and in Canada.